vor 1 Jahr

World and Press April 2 2022

  • Text
  • Society
  • Gentrification
  • Business
  • Technology
  • Globalization
  • Food
  • Ukraine
  • Pandemic
Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien Sprachtraining, Landeskunde, Vokabelhilfen und Übungsmaterial für Fortgeschrittene Sprachniveau B2 - C2

World and Press April 2

April 2 2022 • No 8 • 74th Year of Publication • Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien € 2,50 [d] Sprachtraining • Landeskunde • Vokabelhilfen • Übungsmaterial IN FOCUS • Opinion: Podcast boom proves we are paying attention Page 2 USA • Society: Americans united in worry over political divisions • Tech companies: Is the future in Austin, Texas? Pages 4/5 BRITAIN • Plagiarism: Students use AI to beat plagiarism checks • Gentrification: Towers rise over London’s Brick Lane Pages 6/7 B2–C2 OTHER TOPICS • Art: Newcastle museum to return Benin Bronze stave • Myanmar: One year after the coup • Business: How to relearn office small talk • Fashion: Can Hugo Boss actually be cool? • Technology: What does a forehand winner sound like? • US gas stoves are as bad for climate as 500,000 cars Die Nr.1 unter den Vokabeltrainern. Pages 8/9/10/11/13/14 Get the vocabulary trainer! | Photo: Picture Alliance The Queen wants Camilla to be known as “queen consort” when Charles becomes king. Since becoming a royal, Camilla has worked hard to improve her image. Read more on page 6 Ukraine war threatens to cause a global food crisis FOOD • GLOBALIZATION Officials warn the war may lead to an increase in world hunger. By Jack Nicas 1 THE WARin Ukraine has delivered a shock to global energy markets. Now the planet is facing a deeper crisis: a shortage of food. A crucial portion of the world’s wheat, corn, and barley is trapped in Russia and Ukraine because of the war, while an even larger portion of the world’s fertilizers is stuck in Russia and Belarus. The result is that global food The word puzzle Wordle’s global success has turned its Welsh inventor Josh Wardle into a megastar in the gaming world and bemused his family back home. Read more on page 3 Afghan men with food packets distributed by the World Food Programme in Kandahar in December 2021. | Photo: Javed Tanveer/AFP via Getty Images and fertilizer prices are soaring. Since the invasion last month, wheat prices have increased by 21%, barley by 33%, and some fertilizers by 40%. 2 The upheaval is compounded by major challenges that were already increasing prices and squeezing supplies, including the pandemic, shipping constraints, high energy costs, and recent droughts, floods, and fires. Now economists, aid organizations, and government officials are warning of the repercussions: an increase in world hunger. 3 The looming disaster is laying bare the consequences of a major war in the modern era of globalization. Prices for food, fertilizer, oil, gas, and even metals like aluminum, nickel, and palladium are all rising fast – and experts expect worse as the effects cascade. “Ukraine has only compounded a catastrophe on top of a catastro- | Photo: Picture Alliance phe,” said David M. Beasley, executive director of the World Food Programme, the U.N. agency that feeds 125 million people a day. “There is no precedent even close to this since World War II.” 4 Ukrainian farms are about to miss critical planting and harvesting seasons. European fertilizer plants are significantly cutting production because of high energy prices. Farmers from Brazil to Texas are cutting back on fertilizer, threatening the size of the next harvests. China, facing its worst wheat crop in decades after severe flooding, is planning to buy much more of the world’s dwindling supply. And India, which ordinarily exports a small amount of wheat, has already seen foreign demand more than triple compared with last year. 5 Around the world, the result will be even higher grocery bills. For those living on the brink of food insecurity, the latest surge in prices could push many over the edge. After remaining mostly flat for five years, hunger rose by about 18% during the pandemic to between 720 million and 811 million people. Earlier this month, the United Nations said that the war’s impact on the global food market alone could cause an additional 7.6 million to 13.1 million people to go hungry. The World Food Programme’s costs have already increased by million a month, enough to cut daily rations for 3.8 million people. “We’ll be taking food from the hungry to give to the starving,” Beasley said. Continued on page 12 Die Nr.1 unter den Vokabeltrainern. €2,80 [a] CHF4,50 [ch] 0 – 1 TO THREATEN “"Tret´n‘ drohen — shortage “"SO…tIdZ‘ Knappheit — crucial “"kru…S´l‘ wesentlich — portion Anteil — barley Gerste — to be trapped feststecken — fertilizer Dünger — to soar sprunghaft ansteigen 2 upheaval “øp"hi…v´l‘ Turbulenzen; s.w.u. Unruhen — to compound “k´m"paUnd‘ verschlimmern — to squeeze verknappen — supplies Vorräte — shipping constraints Lieferbeschränkungen — drought “draUt‘ Dürre — economist Volkswirt(in) — repercussions “Æri…p´"køS´nz‘; s.w.u. impact Auswirkungen 3 – 4 looming s. anbahnend — to lay bare offenlegen — to cascade “kœs"keId‘ (fig) Kreise ziehen — executive director Geschäftsführer(in) — agency Behörde — precedent “"presId´nt‘ vergleichbare Situation — harvesting season Erntesaison — wheat crop Weizenernte — severe “sI"vI´‘ heftig — to dwindle schrumpfen — ordinarily “ÆO… d´n"erIli‘ für gewöhnlich — foreign demand Nachfrage aus dem Ausland 5 on the brink am Rande — food insecurity “ÆInsI"kjU´r´ti‘ Ernährungsunsicherheit — surge “s‰…dZ‘ sprunghafter Anstieg — to push over the edge in die Krise stürzen — flat unverändert — the starving die Verhungernden

World and Press