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World and Press February 2 2022

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8 World February 2 2022 | World and Press Children can walk to school as landmines cleared ZIMBABWE A British charity destroyed 53,000 unexploded devices. Bar-tailed godwit. | Photo: JJ Harrison School children walk through a forest in Zimbabwe. | Photo: Picture Alliance By Jane Flanagan 1 GENERATIONSof children and cattle in Zimbabwe learnt to pick their way in single file across some of the deadliest terrain on Earth. Landmines on its borders with Zambia and Mozambique have killed and maimed more than 1,500 people and 120,000 cattle since they were laid by the former Rhodesian regime during the liberation war in the 1970s. The British charity Halo Trust has declared the districts “mine-free” after destroying 53,000 unexploded devices. 2 Kinglong Gotseai, 15, said that until now his “heart was banging” each day as he walked to school in Mount Darwin. He clutched the hands of younger children as they kept to the narrow track they knew to be safe. “Once I got one over I would go back and get another one, collecting the little ones one at a time,” he said. Some children living on the other side of the landmined pastures never went to school. “Families would keep them at home to avoid the mines. But they were sorry they could not learn to read.” 3 Every acre in drought-ravaged Mashonaland Central Province is precious to the farmers, who planted and grazed right 0 – 1 LANDMINELandmine; s.w.u. landmined vermint — to clear räumen — charity gemeinnützige Organisation — (explosive) device “dI"vaIs‘ Sprengvorrichtung — in single file im Gänsemarsch — terrain “t´"reIn‘ Gelände — to maim verstümmeln — liberation war Befreiungskrieg — trust Stiftung 2 – 3 to bang pochen — to clutch “kløtS‘ festhalten — track Pfad — pasture “"pA…stS´‘ Weideland — acre ca. 4047 m 2 — drought-ravaged “"draUt ÆrœvIdZd‘ unter Dürre leidend — precious “"preS´s‘ kostbar — to graze weiden — to mark würdigen — representative Vertreter(in) — up to the minefields, which often killed their cattle. “I farmed as much of my land as I could,” Fibion House, who is about 70, said last week at a village ceremony to mark its new status. “But I was scared.” Representatives from the British, American, and Japanese embassies, which funded much of the trust’s work, attended with Zimbabwean officials. … 4 Recent data suggests that Zimbabwe accounts for nearly a quarter of all mines in the world. They were put down as a barrier against liberation fighters crossing from neighbouring states. 5 The plastic devices made in South Africa are as lethal now as für nur € 5,95 Jetzt im Einzelverkauf Zusatzmaterial zu dieser Ausgabe. Im Abo PREMIUM sehr viel günstiger! they ever were. Clearing them has been painstaking work for the Halo Trust, which began working at Mount Darwin, 125 miles northeast of the capital, Harare, in 2013. The charity, which was championed by Diana, Princess of Wales, and which has Prince Harry as patron, has cleared 133,000 mines from north and south Zimbabwe. 6 Under the Ottawa Treaty countries are meant to be clear of landmines by 2025. Few are on target, but Zimbabwe was likely to meet the deadline before planned cuts to the UK aid budget – which could slash the funding for clearing the explosive devices by 75 per cent – threw that into doubt. 7 Cuthbert Mutukwa, 42, a Zimbabwean and Halo Trust supervisor who spent two years helping to clear mines laid by Argentinian forces on the Falkland Islands, said: “I’m really proud of the work we did. But landmines are blocking development in our country and endangering our poorest people.” © The Times, London/News Licensing This article originally appeared in The Times, London. to fund finanzieren — official Regierungsmitarbeiter(in) 4 – 5 to account for etw. ausmachen — barrier “"bœri´‘ Hindernis — liberation fighter Befreiungskämpfer(in) — lethal “"li…T´l‘ tödlich — painstaking “"-Æ--‘ mühsam — to champion s. für etw. einsetzen — patron “"peItr´n‘ Schirmherr(in) 6 – 7 treaty “"tri…ti‘ Vertrag — to be on target im Plan liegen — aid budget Hilfebudget — to slash drastisch kürzen — to throw into doubt in Zweifel setzen — supervisor Leiter(in) — forces Streitkräfte — to endanger “In"deIndZ´‘ gefährden Bird joins the jet set with record flight BIRDS The bar-tailed godwit broke his own world record when he flew from Alaska to Australia. By Bernard Lagan 1 A BIRD said to have the aerodynamics of a jet fighter has been tracked flying non-stop more than 8,000 miles from Alaska to Australia, setting a world record for continuous avian flight. It was the second time the bird had broken the world record. 2 The bar-tailed godwit left southwest Alaska for its summer grounds in New Zealand on September 17 but hit strong winds over the Pacific, south of Fiji, forcing a detour far west to Australia. Carrying a tiny solar-powered satellite tracking device, it landed at Tweed Heads, 500 miles north of Sydney at about 9.30am on September 27. The godwit, tagged as 4BBRW, had flown non-stop for 8,108 miles and been aloft for 239 hours. 3 By chance, Geoff White, an Australian bird photographer, spied the satellite transmitter on the bird five hours after it landed at an estuary near the border of Queensland and New South Wales, taking a series of closeup pictures. Only later when he checked 4BBRW’s tag reference online did he realise its importance to birdwatchers. 4 Godwit 4BBRW last year broke the world record, set by a female godwit 13 years before, for the longest non-stop flight when he flew continuously 7,500 miles from Alaska to New Zealand. The bird’s first world record was beaten by about 125 miles when another female godwit landed in New Zealand from Alaska early on September 26. The next day, 4BBRW’s latest flight ended in Australia, returning him the record. 5 He has since flown on 1,200 miles to New Zealand. Professor Phil Battley, an ornithologist who has studied the migration of godwits, highlighted the bird’s “ego, his competitiveness, and his inability to let others shine”. 6 Godwits are often likened to a jet fighter because of their long, pointed wings and sleek shape. Bar-tailed males weigh on average up to 400g and fill up on molluscs, worms, and aquatic insects before long flights, often doubling their size. They can shrink internal organs to lighten their load. © The Times, London/News Licensing This article originally appeared in The Times, London. Online English Tuition 25% off your first session with discount code Live25 visit 0 – 1 BAR-TAILEDgodwit Pfuhlschnepfe — jet fighter Kampfjet — to track verfolgen — 8,000 miles ca. 12.875 km — continuous “k´n"tInju´s‘ ununterbrochen — avian “"eIvi´n‘ Vogel- 2 – 4 summer grounds Sommerquartier — to hit h.: geraten in — detour Umweg — satellite tracking device; s.w.u. satellite transmitter Satellitensender — to tag kennzeichnen — to be aloft “´"lÅft‘ in der Luft sein — by chance durch Zufall — to spy sehen — estuary “"estjU´ri‘ Flussmündung — tag reference Kennzeichnung 5 – 6 ornithologist “ÆO…nI"TÅl´dZIst‘ — competitiveness “k´m"petItIvn´s‘ Konkurrenzdenken — to shine (fig) glänzen — to liken to e-e S. mit etw. vergleichen — pointed spitz — sleek schnittig — to fill up on s. an etw. satt essen — mollusc “"mÅl´sk‘ Weichtier — aquatic insect “´"kwœtIk‘ Wasserinsekt — to lighten one’s load h.: sein Gewicht verringern

World and Press | February 2 2022 World 9 Barbados is finally cutting ties with Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II SOVEREIGNTY Barbados will remain a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. By Jacqueline Charles 1 BARBADOSis turning 55 and the milestone anniversary is taking on an added significance. The once-prosperous sugar colony and jewel in the British empire is celebrating by formally cutting one of its last remaining colonial ties. The island known as “Little England,” which gained independence on Nov. 30, 1966, but kept Queen Elizabeth II as head of state, will be fully sovereign as of 12:01 a.m. Tuesday. It is ditching the British monarch and joining Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Dominica in becoming a republic. 2 “What we are saying is, ‘This is it,’ ” said the Rev. Charles Morris, an Anglican priest and vocal supporter of the move, who noted that unlike in 1966 when independence was decided on Britain’s terms, this time it’s Barbados making the decision. “We want to choose our own head of state, symbolic or not.” 3 Among those who will be there to see England’s oldest colony remove the 95-year-old monarch and her future heirs is the Prince of Wales. He was greeted with a 21-gun salute on the tarmac in what is his final visit to the easternmost Caribbean island as prince of the realm, although Barbados will remain a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, of which he is the future head. 4 Charles is scheduled to attend the changing-over ceremony to declare Barbados a republic and mark the inauguration of its new president, Sandra Mason, starting at 11 p.m. Monday at National Heroes’ Square in Bridgetown. The royal’s presence has triggered debate and talk of planned protests, underscoring the reality shaping Barbados’ push toward self-determination nearly 400 years after English settlers first inhabited the island in 1627 and From left: Prime Minister Mia Amor Mottley, President of Barbados Dame Sandra Mason, National Hero Sir Garfield Sobers, Prince Charles, and pop singer Rihanna at the ceremony to declare Barbados a republic in November. | Photos: Getty Images transformed it into one of their richest colonies based on sugar and slavery. 5 For now the changes will be largely symbolic with the prime minister retaining governing power. … The word “royal” along with signs and symbols associated with the British monarchy will be removed from all government institutions, and the queen will no longer be represented, mean- The Barbados Defence Force greets a Royal Air Force plane as it arrives in Barbados with Prince Charles onboard. ing Barbadians no longer have to swear allegiance to her. 6 Her current representative, Mason, who had served as governor general since 2018, was elected by the Barbados Parliament last month to serve as the island nation’s first president, a role that, like that of Queen Elizabeth II’s, will be mostly symbolic. 7 Still, the move from a constitutional monarchy to a parliamentary republic is no small feat in the island of barely 300,000 inhabitants. Four centuries in the making, it’s happening in a political climate in which colonial and Confederate-era statues are being hauled away, Caribbean nationals are reassessing colonialism and racism amid the Black Lives Matter Movement, and their leaders are asking how one can be independent and yet still bow to the queen. 8 “This is a momentous occasion for Barbados. It really solidifies the final severance of these indirect colonial ties to the U.K.,” said Kevon Edey, a Barbadosborn political science and international relations consultant in Bridgetown. “Though it may be merely an administrative formality in terms of swapping terminology, such as governor general for president, I think there is a symbolism here that says we are ready to transition toward full sovereignty – two generations after taking steps toward political independence.” 9 With Barbados’ move, just eight former colonies in the English-speaking Caribbean will be left paying allegiance to the queen. Though some like St. Vincent and the Grenadines have tried to ditch her majesty in the past, their constitutional requirement that the matter be put to a public vote has led to defeat. 10 Still, the language currently in vogue in Barbados – self-determination, charting one’s destiny – is finding appeal among a broad cross section of the Caribbean public as it raises the specter of nationalism in a region where the celebratory mood that once characterized independence from England has been replaced by growing disenchantment and general political malaise with the political, bureaucratic, academic, and economic elites across the region. … 11 Cynthia Barrow-Giles, a professor of constitutional governance and politics at the University of the West Indies at Cave Hill, Barbados, said she doesn’t expect Barbados’ transition to lead to any snowballing or domino effect across the English-speaking Caribbean. However, it is galvanizing some sections of the population across the region to press for the basic constitutional change. “The transition is already having an effect on the British overseas territories (BOTs) where there is ongoing an intense debate on the relative merit of independence and the value of entering independence as a republic rather than as a parliamentary constitutional monarchy,” Barrow-Giles said. … 12 While the mood on Monday headed into Tuesday is expected to be one of celebration as Barbadians wave their gold and ultramarine-colored flag while draped in the colors, there is still confusion among some as to what the republican status means. For one, the transition remains a twostep process with the country first casting aside the queen and then later on, adopting a new constitution, which Barrow-Giles doesn’t expect before the second phase of the constitutional reform process is completed in 2023. © 2021 Miami Herald. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. 0 – 1 TO CUT TIESVerbindungen kappen — sovereignty “"sÅvr´nti‘ Souveränität; s.w.u. sovereign souverän — significance “sIg"nIfIk´ns‘ Bedeutung — once-prosperous “"prÅsp´r´s‘ einst florierend — head of state Staatsoberhaupt — to ditch s.o. (coll) s. von jdm. lossagen 2 – 3 Rev. = Reverend Pfarrer(in) — vocal lautstark; entschieden — terms Bedingungen — heir “e´‘ Erbe(-in) — 21-gun salute 21 Böllerschüsse — tarmac Rollfeld — easternmost östlichste(r,s) — Caribbean Karibik — realm “relm‘ Königreich 4 to be scheduled to do “"Sedju…ld‘ voraussichtlich tun werden — inauguration “IÆnO…gj´"reIS´n‘ Amtseinführung — to trigger debate e-e Debatte entfachen — to underscore unterstreichen — self-determination “Æ-dIÆt‰…mI"neIS´n‘ Selbstbestimmung — settler Siedler(in) — to inhabit “In"hœbIt‘ bevölkern; s.w.u. inhabitants Einwohner — slavery Sklaverei 5 – 6 to retain behalten — governing power Regierungsgewalt — Barbadians “bA…"beIdi´nz‘ auf Barbados Lebende — to swear allegiance to s.o. “´"li…dZ´ns‘ jdm. Treue geloben — governor general Generalgouverneur(in) 7 constitutional monarchy “ÆkÅnstI"tju…S´n´l‘ konstitutionelle M. (c. verfassungsmäßig) — no small feat beachtliche Leistung — in the making im Werden — Confederate-era “k´n"fed´r´t‘ aus der Zeit der US-Südstaaten — to haul away “hO…l‘ wegbefördern — to reassess “Æri…´"ses‘ neu bewerten — amid “´"mId‘ vor dem Hintergrund — to bow to s.o. “baU‘ s. jdm. unterwerfen 8 – 9 momentous “m´U"ment´s‘ bedeutsam — occasion Anlass — to solidify “s´"lIdIfaI‘ festigen — severance “"sev´r´ns‘ Abbruch; Trennung — international relations consultant Berater(in) für internationale Beziehungen — merely “"mI´li‘ bloß — to swap “swÅp‘ austauschen — to transition s. wandeln — requirement Auflage — to put to a public vote das Volk über etw. abstimmen lassen 10 in vogue in Mode — to chart one’s destiny über sein Schicksal selbst bestimmen — to find appeal Anklang finden — cross section Querschnitt — to raise the specter of das Schreckgespenst von etw. heraufbeschwören — celebratory mood “Æsel´"breIt´ri‘ Feierlaune — disenchantment “ÆdIsIn "tSA…ntm´nt‘ Ernüchterung — malaise Unbehagen; Unzufriedenheit 11 – 12 governance “"gøv´n´ns‘ Regierungsführung — snowballing (fig) Eskalation — to galvanize s.o. “"gœlv´naIz‘ jdn. aktiv werden lassen — to press for auf etw. drängen — merit Vorzug — to be draped in in etw. gehüllt sein — confusion Verwirrung — to cast aside etw. ablegen

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