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World and Press January 2 2023

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4 USA January 2 2023 | World and Press In a first, U.S. pays tribes to move away from climate threats CLIMATE CHANGE The Interior Department has selected the winners of a new competition to relocate communities vulnerable to climate change. By Christopher Flavelle 1 THE BIDENadministration will give money to five Native American tribes to help them relocate away from rivers and coastlines, potentially creating a model for other communities around the country as the effects of climate change get worse. The funding, which will go to three tribes in Alaska and two in Washington State, marks the start of a new federal program specifically designed to relocate people and homes threatened by climate change. It appears to be the first such program in American history. 2 “We’re definitely grateful,” said Nate Tyler, the treasurer of the Makah Tribe, whose coastal reservation in Washington State is increasingly exposed to flooding. The tribe will get .1 million to help replace its aging health A totem pole displayed at the Makah Reservation in Washington. | Photo: Picture Alliance 0 – 4 INTERIOR DEPARTMENTInnenministerium — to relocate umsiedeln; s.w.u. relocation — vulnerable to gefährdet durch — treasurer Finanzchef(in) — shift Wandel — climate adaptation policy Maßnahmen zur Klimaanpassung — managed retreat geordneter Rückzug — to retreat s. zurückziehen; h.: umsiedeln clinic with a new building on higher land, farther from the Pacific. 3 The awards represent a shift in U.S. climate adaptation policy, toward what climate experts call “managed retreat” – the movement of buildings and infrastructure away from areas that are especially vulnerable to the consequences of global warming. But the relocation awards also present a challenge to government officials, who must decide which communities get funding to retreat. More than half the tribes that applied for the relocation program were rejected. 4 The Department of the Interior, which runs the program, declined to discuss its decision criteria. 5 The winning tribes include the Akiak Native Community, a village on the Kuskokwim River in southwest Alaska. As average temperatures increase, the permafrost is melting, accelerating the erosion of the shoreline and forcing Akiak to pull back from the water. The Interior Department will give Akiak .7 million. Michael Williams, the chief of the village, said he expected to be able to move 15 to 20 houses with that money. “It’s welcome funding,” Williams said. 6 Nunapitchuk, a village 40 miles west of Akiak facing similar challenges, will get .2 million to relocate. Chefornak, a village on the Kinia River not far from the Bering Sea, will get million. 7 In Washington State, the other tribe to win funding was the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe, whose reservation is on the northern tip of Kitsap Peninsula. Flooding and coastal erosion are increasingly threatening the tribe’s buildings. The tribe will get .1 million to demolish three homes near the water and rebuild them on safer land, according to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. © 2022 The New York Times Company This article originally appeared in The New York Times. 5 – 7 permafrost Permafrost; Dauerfrostboden — to accelerate beschleunigen — northern tip Nordspitze — peninsula Halbinsel — to demolish abreißen — Bureau of Indian Affairs Behörde für die Belange US-amerik. Ureinwohner Anna May Wong to be first Asian American featured on U.S. currency CURRENCY By Grace Toohey 1 HOLLYWOOD trailblazer and international film star Anna May Wong will be the first Asian American featured on a U.S. coin. Wong rose to stardom in the 1920s, breaking barriers while facing entrenched discrimination as America’s first movie star of Asian descent. She will be the fifth woman this year honored in the American Women Quarters Program. 2 The newest quarter honoring Wong, to be released Monday, will feature a close-up image of Wong’s face, her chin resting Film star Anna May Wong, photographed in 1932. | Photo: Getty Images/Bettmann on a hand, “surrounded by the bright lights of a marquee sign,” according to the U.S. Mint. The coin’s launch will be celebrated Nov. 4 at the Paramount Pictures Theater, with a special screening of Wong’s most famous 1932 movie that she stars in, ‘Shanghai Express.’ There will also be a panel discussion featuring Wong’s niece, Anna Wong. 3 Wong, a third-generation Chinese American and Los Angeles native, was first cast as an extra, at age 14, in the 1919 film ‘The Red Lantern’ but soon after landed her first leading role in the 1922 film ‘The Toll of the Sea.’ She went on to appear in more than 60 movies, including silent films and the first shot in color, but also worked on television, in theater productions, and became known as a fashion icon throughout her decades-long career. 4 Wong challenged the film industry’s perception of leading actors, earning fame in the U.S. and abroad in spite of Hollywood’s typecasting and tunnel vision for Asian characters. Almost always relegated to minor or stereotyped roles, Wong decided to relocate to Europe relatively early in her career, where her prominence only grew. 5 In a 1933 magazine interview, later quoted in the ‘Los Angeles Times,’ she explained the frustration that pushed her to leave the U.S. and explore roles elsewhere. “I was so tired of the parts I had to play,” Wong said in the magazine interview. “Why is it that the screen Chinese is nearly always the villain of the piece, and so cruel a villain – murderous, treacherous, a snake in the grass. We are not like that.” … © 2022 Los Angeles Times. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. 0 – 3 TRAILBLAZERPionier(in) — entrenched tief verwurzelt — descent Herkunft — American Women Quarters Program Reihe von 25-Cent-Münzen mit Abbildungen bedeutender Amerikanerinnen — marquee sign Leuchttafel über Kinoeingängen — U.S. Mint US-Münzprägeanstalt — screening Vorführung — to star in spielen in — to cast besetzen — extra Statist(in) 4 – 5 perception Vorstellung — typecasting Festlegung auf ähnliche Rollen — tunnel vision (fig) beschränkte Sichtweise — to relegate herabsetzen — minor role Nebenrolle — to relocate übersiedeln — to quote zitieren — villain Bösewicht — murderous mordlüstern — treacherous heimtückisch — snake in the grass (fig) Verräter(in)

World and Press | January 2 2023 Arab voters are often ignored by political candidates USA 5 ARAB AMERICANS The community still doesn’t have its own category on the U.S. census. By Massarah Mikati 1 THE DAYformer President Donald Trump issued his travel ban in 2017, all Nagi Latefa could see were his daughters’ faces. Sunken. Disappointed. Scared. The executive order banned travelers from six majority- Muslim countries from visiting the United States. Latefa and his family, who are Palestinian Muslims, felt vulnerable. The Muslim American community as a whole felt vulnerable. The so-called Muslim ban ignited a question they felt insecure about for decades, particularly in the aftermath of 9/11: Do we belong? 2 When his daughters asked Latefa, a community activist who resides in Lehigh Valley, what to do next, he was at a loss. “I don’t know,” he told them. Enter Attorney General Josh Shapiro. “One of the voices of reassurance was Josh. Josh was at the forefront of fighting against the Muslim ban, along with other Democrats,” Latefa said. “But the fact that we knew Josh, in person, was very reassuring.” 3 Throughout his tenure as attorney general and his current campaign for governor, Shapiro has done what few other political candidates across Pennsylvania and the U.S. have done: engaged and built relationships with the Arab community, both Muslims and Christians. Shapiro has frequently visited mosques and churches over the years to listen to constituents, and he’s built personal relationships with members of the community – some even have his personal cell number. 4 It’s a welcome change for a community that has endured years of systemic discrimination from U.S. law enforcement and government – from illegal surveillance by the New York Police Department to dragnet arrests after 9/11 to the travel ban. | Infographic: Statista 5 Immediately after attending a fundraiser for his mayoral race, former Mayor W. Wilson Goode Sr. returned half of the checks he received. The Arab and Jewish communities came together to host a fundraiser for Goode in 1984 as he took on Frank Rizzo. But the next day, his Republican opponent called out Goode and accused him of taking money from the Palestine Liberation Organization. 6 “So what did brave Wilson Goode do?” said Marwan Kreidie, founder of the Arab American Development Corp., who was at the event. “He returned all the Arab checks – not any of the Jewish checks – like he didn’t want our involvement.” His press secretary said at the time that Goode “would not want to take any money from anybody that would cause a misimpression about where he stands on Israel.” 7 For a community that still doesn’t have its own category on the U.S. census, invisibility, save for being the target of racism, has long been the status quo. It wasn’t until former Mayor Edward Rendell entered the picture that Philly politics started paying more positive attention to the Arab community, members said. 8 “After the Wilson Goode experience, we had the Ed Rendell experience, and Rendell was immediately supportive of the community,” said James Zogby, founder of the Arab American Institute, a D.C. nonprofit that advocates for Arabs. “I think that being confident as a Jewish politician created a very different dynamic, where Rendell didn’t have to worry about anybody saying he’s being soft on the Arabs. So he would just look at us as another constituent group, which is all we ever wanted – just to be normalized.” 9 Scholars say that to this day, pitting Arab and Jewish voters against each other is an undercurrent of American politics, largely due to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and the prominent support for Israel in mainstream U.S. politics. “The idea was that you could have a relationship with one or the other; you couldn’t have one with both,” Zogby said. “There were actually efforts made by groups supportive of Israel to have us isolated. And there have been politicians who’ve simply acted on their own, having presumed that and shunned us.” 10 But the lack of engagement with Arab voters has also been a two-way street. A large wave of Arab immigrants came to the U.S. in the aftermath of colonial conflict throughout the 1900s, but it took time for people to become citizens and to pay attention to more than the presidential election. “In the past, we had an older generation that was really trying to survive in the area – setting up their stores, finding housing, bringing more family over,” said Fadia Halma, a Lebanese American activist who lives in Lehigh Valley. “They didn’t really have the access or capability to engage. They didn’t really break out from the communities.” 11 All of that changed with their U.S.-born children. When President Joe Biden’s presidential campaign was kicking off, Halma knew Biden needed to mobilize a largely untapped voter community to win: ethnic communities – and particularly the Arab communities prevalent in the Lehigh Valley. Halma organized bilingual volunteers to canvass neighborhoods with large concentrations of Arab Americans, and got young high school and college students to launch a bilingual text message campaign about absentee ballots, voter registration, and more. 12 Arab voters have the same concerns as many other Americans: quality public education, public safety, support for small businesses. But they also care about the discrimination they face domestically – which Shapiro heavily focuses on – and foreign policy in the Middle East, often not an agenda item for local elections. … © 2022 The Philadelphia Inquirer. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. Special World and Press: Black Lives Matter Themenheft, DIN A4 ¤ 16,90 [D] ISBN 978-3-7961-1077-1 B2 – C2 0 – 1 CENSUS Volkszählung; Erfassung — travel ban Reiseverbot — sunken eingefallen — executive order Präsidentenerlass — vulnerable gefährdet; ungeschützt — to ignite entfachen — in the aftermath of nach 2 – 4 to reside wohnen — at a loss ratlos — enter … Auftritt … — attorney general Justizminister(in) — reassurance Bestärkung; s.w.u. reassuring beruhigend — tenure Amtszeit — to engage with s.o. mit jdm. in Kontakt treten — constituent Wähler(in) — cell (AE) Handy — law enforcement Polizei — surveillance Überwachung — dragnet arrest Festnahme im Rahmen e-r Rasterfahndung 5 – 7 mayoral race Wahlkampf um das Amt als Bür ger meister(in) — to call s.o. out jdn. zur Rede stellen — founder Gründer(in) — misimpression falscher Eindruck — invisibility Unsichtbarkeit — Philly = Philadelphia 8 – 10 nonprofit gemeinnützige Organisation — to advocate for s.o. für jdn. eintreten — scholar Wissenschaftler(in); Experte(-in) — to pit A and B against each other A und B gegeneinander ausspielen — to be an undercurrent of h.: unterschwellig mitschwingen in — to presume von etw. ausgehen — to shun meiden — capability Möglichkeit; Fähigkeit 11 – 12 untapped ungenutzt; nicht erschlossen — prevalent vorherrschend — to canvass um Stimmen werben — absentee ballot Briefwahl — foreign policy Außenpolitik

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