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World and Press November 2 2021

Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien Sprachtraining, Landeskunde, Vokabelhilfen und Übungsmaterial für Fortgeschrittene Sprachniveau B2 - C2

World and Press November 2

November 2 2021 • No 22 • 73rd Year of Publication • Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien € 2,50 [d] Sprachtraining • Landeskunde • Vokabelhilfen • Übungsmaterial IN FOCUS • Opinion: We all like to snoop just as much as big tech • In Focus: Does the European Union need its own army? Pages 2/3 USA • Native Americans: Pain inflicted on Indigenous communities through boarding schools • Texas: New Braunfels, one of America’s fastest-growing cities Pages 4/5 BRITAIN • Crofters: Farming based on regenerative principles • Workplace: National Trust to give staff siestas in summer Pages 6/10 B2–C2 OTHER TOPICS • Australia: Sydney orders white roofs and trees to cool climate • India: Debate over population control turns explosive • Ireland: Days as a tax haven may be ending • Literature: Miss Marple is back on the case Die Nr.1 unter den Vokabeltrainern. Pages 8/9/11/14 Get the vocabulary trainer! | Photo: Picture Alliance Chess shops are reporting shortages as newcomers are inspired to take up the game by repeated lockdowns and the Netflix series ‘The Queen’s Gambit’. Read more on page 8 A climate summit is supposed to save the planet. But pessimism is building. COP26 A kind of advance pessimism is taking shape ahead of the crucial climate summit in Glasgow. By Ishaan Tharoor The Church of England plans to set up new Christian communities, many led by lay people. But Anglicanism is divided on that shift away from tradition. Read more on page 7 Fridays for Future climate activists in Kenya. | Photo: Getty Images 1 “IT IS ADAPT or die,” Emma Howard Boyd, the head of England’s Environment Agency, said in a statement earlier this week, as her government department released a study that warned the country would face devastating floods related to climate change if it fails to protect itself. 2 As my ‘Washington Post’ colleague Erin Cunningham reported, the study pointed to rising sea levels, increased river flows, and significant strains on England’s public water supply amid soaring global temperatures associated with the changing climate and urged the government, businesses, and broader society to engage in adaptation and mitigation strategies, “rather than living with the costs of inaction.” … 3 Her appeal for urgency is yet another call for action as global leaders ready for a major U.N. climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland, set to take place in a couple of weeks. Referred to often by its shorthand COP26, the conference will convene dozens of heads of state and government, business leaders, activists, and even a string of glitzy celebrities. In a statement of intent, President | Photo: Pixabay Joe Biden is expected to bring a large delegation of 13 cabinet and high-ranking administration officials to the conference. 4 But for all the efforts underway, a kind of advance pessimism is taking shape ahead of the summit. The International Energy Agency released a report Wednesday declaring that “clean energy progress is still far too slow to put global emissions into sustained decline towards net zero” and that a dramatic escalation needs to come about. “Reaching that path requires investment in clean energy projects and infrastructure to more than triple over the next decade,” said Fatih Birol, executive director of the IEA, the energy watchdog for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 5 U.N. Secretary General António Guterres has lamented what he sees as a lack of momentum and solidarity among the world’s governments, which are all expected to make and adhere to significant commitments to slash their carbon emissions. “I believe that we are at risk of not having a success in COP26,” Guterres told Reuters last month. “There is still a level of mistrust, between north and south, developed and developing countries, that needs to be overcome.” 6 The upcoming meeting in Glasgow, Guterres insisted, presents a possible turning point in the face of looming calamity. “We are on the verge of the abyss, and when you are on the verge of the abyss, you need to be very careful about what the next step is,” he said. “And the next step is COP26 in Glasgow.” Continued on page 12 Die Nr.1 unter den Vokabeltrainern. €2,80 [a] CHF4,50 [ch] 0 – 1 CLIMATE SUMMITKlimagipfel — to take shape s. bilden — crucial “"kru…S´l‘ entscheidend — environment agency Umweltbehörde — devastating “"dev´steItIN‘ verheerend 2 to point to auf etw. hindeuten — strain Belastung — public water supply öffentl. Wasserversorgung — amid “´"mId‘; s.w.u. in the face of angesichts — to soar ansteigen — to urge “‰…dZ‘ eindringlich auffordern — to engage in “In"geIdZ‘ s. mit etw. befassen — adaptation Anpassung — mitigation Linderung — inaction Untätigkeit 3 – 4 appeal Appell — urgency “"‰…dZ´nsi‘ Dringlichkeit — to ready s. bereit machen — to be set to do tun werden — shorthand Kurzform — to convene “k´n"vi…n‘ h.: zus.bringen — statement of intent Absichtserklärung — administration official Regierungsmitarbeiter(in) — sustained anhaltend — escalation Steigerung — to come about geschehen — watchdog Aufsichtsbehörde 5 – 6 to lament “-"-‘ beklagen — momentum Dynamik — to adhere to “´d"hI´‘ etw. einhalten — to slash drastisch verringern — carbon emissions CO 2 -Emissionen — mistrust Misstrauen — developed countries Industrienationen — developing countries Entwicklungsländer — turning point Wendepunkt — looming s. abzeichnend — calamity “k´"lœm´ti‘ Katastrophe — on the verge of the abyss “v‰…dZ; ´"bIs‘ am Rande des Abgrunds

World and Press