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World and Press October 2 2022

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Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien Sprachtraining, Landeskunde, Vokabelhilfen und Übungsmaterial für Fortgeschrittene Sprachniveau B2 - C2

World and Press October 2

October 2 2022 • No 20 • 74th Year of Publication • Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien € 3,00 [d] Sprachtraining • Landeskunde • Vokabelhilfen • Übungsmaterial IN FOCUS B2–C2 • Opinion: How the end of free returns will change the way we shop • E-bikes: Almost everyone loves e-bikes Pages 2/3 USA • Opinion: The U.S. Constitution is insufficiently democratic • Kentucky: Years of neglect left some towns at the mercy of flooding Pages 4/5 BRITAIN • Health: London children offered polio vaccine booster • Cost of living: University staff ask for campus food banks Pages 6/7 OTHER TOPICS • Egypt: Nile’s Bohemian houseboats float off into history • Labour shortage: The NYPD has become less demanding • Labour unions: Their moment may not last • History: Hadrian’s Wall turns 1900 Pages 8/10/11/12 Get the vocabulary trainer! | Photo: Picture Alliance Abroad, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern is a star. At home, problems have sent her polling numbers to new lows as an election looms next year. Read more on page 9 After Texas sent him to Washington, one migrant launches a new life MIGRANTS Lever Alejos, who was delivered to the nation’s capital courtesy of Gov. Greg Abbott, has found plenty of work. By Miriam Jordan 1 WHEN Lever Alejos of Venezuela arrived at the southern border penniless in July, he gladly accepted a free bus ride to Washington, D.C., courtesy of the state of Texas. He had no family or friends to receive him, and spent one night in the plaza across from Union Station. He soon settled into a homeless shelter. “I have nothing,” Alejos, 29, said on his third day in the city, “but I have the will to work and succeed.” 2 Two months later, Alejos is making between 0 to 0 a week, saving up to buy a used car and planning to move out of the shelter. “There is so much opportunity here,” he said Thursday, at the end of a day’s work. “You just have to take advantage of it.” 3 Since April, thousands of migrants, most of them Venezuelans, have been coaxed onto buses and planes heading to Washington, New York, Chicago, and, last week, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, after enduring a perilous journey over land from their broken country to make a fresh start in the United States. The transportation to the Democratic strongholds has been organized by Texas, Florida, and Arizona, whose governors are trying to draw attention to a record surge in the number of people crossing the border, which they blame on the Biden administration’s immigration policies. 4 Last week, Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas dropped off two busloads of migrants near the residence of Vice President Kamala Harris, and more over the weekend. Florida’s governor, Ron De- Santis, on Wednesday chartered two small planes to fly 50 migrants to Martha’s Vineyard, the upscale vacation island off Massachusetts, which he has derided as a liberal bastion. Eat more avocados, farmers beg Australians. The over - supply is set to worsen because hundreds of new avocado trees are coming into production. Die Nr.1 unter den Vokabeltrainern. Read more on page 14 A member of a migrant group sent to Martha’s Vineyard by Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis looks out a bus window. | Photo: Picture Alliance/Reuters 5 Democrats have called the stunts cruel, and many migrants have been left at least temporarily homeless as their new host cities scramble to help them. 6 But others, like Alejos, have called the free transportation a blessing. They are already employed and achieving some measure of stability. They have found jobs in construction, hospitality, retail, trucking, and other sectors facing worker shortages in an economy still recovering from the impact of the pandemic. “In most big cities, including the ones where governors are shipping migrants, employers are scrambling to find workers,” said | Photo: Unsplash Chris Tilly, a labor economist at UCLA. “They are meeting a need.” 7 Migrants like Alejos are at once symbols of a humanitarian crisis, pawns in a partisan debate, and people simply following the economics of supply and demand. Most face an uphill battle to win their asylum cases. But it will be years before the legal process is complete, and those who lose their cases tend to live the rest of their lives in the shadows, trying to stay employed and out of the grasp of immigration officers tasked with deporting them. Continued on page 12 Die Nr.1 unter den Vokabeltrainern. €3,50 [a] CHF5,40 0 – 3 COURTESY OF“"k‰…t´si‘ dank — penniless mittellos — to settle into einziehen — homeless shelter Obdachlosenunterkunft — to coax s.o. to do “k´Uks‘ jdn. dazu bringen zu tun — to endure “In"dZU´‘ durchmachen — perilous “"per´l´s‘ gefährlich — stronghold Hochburg — surge “s‰…dZ‘ Anstieg — immigration policies Einwanderungspolitik 4 – 5 to drop s.o. off jdn. absetzen — upscale exklusiv — to deride verhöhnen — stunt h.: Vorgehen — host city Aufnahmeort — to scramble to do “"skrœmb´l‘ s. eilig bemühen zu tun 6 blessing Segen — some measure of “"meZ´‘ ein gewisses Maß an — construction Baugewerbe — hospitality Gastgewerbe — retail Einzelhandel — trucking h.: Fuhrunternehmen — worker shortage “"SO…tIdZ‘ Arbeitskräftemangel — to ship befördern — labor economist Arbeitsökonom(in) — UCLA = University of California, Los Angeles — to meet a need e-n Bedarf decken 7 at once gleichzeitig — pawn “pO…n‘ (fig) Schachfigur — partisan debate “ÆpA…tI"zœn‘ h.: Debatte zw. Demokraten und Republikanern — supply and demand Angebot und Nachfrage — uphill battle “Æøp"hIl‘ harter Kampf — asylum case “´"saIl´m‘ Asylverfahren — to stay out of the grasp of s.o. s. jdm. entziehen — to task beauftragen — to deport abschieben

World and Press