vor 10 Monaten

World and Press September 2 2022

  • Text
  • Business
  • Women
  • Pakistan
  • India
  • Partition
  • Religion
  • Supreme court
  • Scotland
  • Parliament
Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien Sprachtraining, Landeskunde, Vokabelhilfen und Übungsmaterial für Fortgeschrittene Sprachniveau B2 - C2

World and Press September 2

September 2 2022 • No 18 • 74th Year of Publication • Original Pressetexte aus britischen und US-amerikanischen Medien € 3,00 [d] Sprachtraining • Landeskunde • Vokabelhilfen • Übungsmaterial IN FOCUS B2–C2 • Opinion: The answer to the Parthenon Marbles dispute Page 2 USA • Society: Americans feel less proud of living in land of the free • Education: The Supreme Court’s school prayer ruling Pages 4/5 BRITAIN • Parliament: MPs are not allowed to bring their babies to debates | Photo: Pixabay German breweries are facing many problems at the moment, including a shortage of bottles. They are urging beer drinkers to bring back their empties. Read more on page 3 ‘Finally, we are together’ PARTITION Social media is helping longlost relatives discover each other after a lifetime separated by the India–Pakistan border. By Hannah Ellis-Petersen and Aakash Hassan Celtic grievances have erupted once more over Brexit and in a revived demand for Scottish independence. They can no longer be waved away by Whitehall. Read more on page 7 | Photo: Picture Alliance • Transport: Cargo bike sales are soaring Pages 6/12 OTHER TOPICS • Tourism: Tourist sites threaten Victoria Falls • Commonwealth: Gabon joins the “family of nations” • Business: Veterans who started businesses after their deployments • India: The Dalit filmmaker challenging the country’s caste discrimination Pages 8/9/11/13 Get the vocabulary trainer! Sikka Khan points to an old family photo showing his brother, Sadiq. | Photo: Getty Images/Narinder Nanu 1 IT WAS ANembrace that held 74 years of pain and longing. As Sikka Khan, 75, fell into the arms of his older brother Sadiq Khan, now in his 80s, the pair wept with simultaneous sorrow and joy. More than seven decades had passed since the brothers, torn apart by the horrors of partition, had seen each other. With Sikka in India and Sadiq in Pakistan, neither knew if the other was alive. Yet both had never stopped looking. But on a crisp January afternoon this year, the pair were reunited along the border that had so devastatingly fractured their family. “Finally, we are together,” Sadiq told his brother, tears streaming down his face. 2 It was 75 years ago, on 15 August 1947, that the subcontinent was divided down religious lines to become two independent countries, India and Pakistan. It was to be a bloody and bitter partition. After 300 years of official British presence, the key figures of Indian independence, Mahatma Gandhi and his protégé and future prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, envisaged a single, secular country. Muslim political leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah, however, argued for a separate state for Muslims, fearful of the implications of a Hindu-majority India. 3 As religious tensions were stoked, deadly riots broke out, targeting Hindus, then Muslims, and then Sikhs. The British, keen to extricate themselves from India quickly, oversaw the drawing of a crude border that ruptured the Indian states of Punjab to the west and Bengal to the east, to form a disjointed Pakistan that angered all communities. 4 It instigated a mutual genocide on both sides of the new border. Whole villages were set alight, children were massacred, and an estimated 75,000 women were raped. In Punjab, the centre of the violence, pregnant women had babies cut from their bellies and trains full of refugees – Muslims fleeing Indian Punjab, Sikhs and Hindus fleeing western Pakistan – were ambushed and arrived at stations filled with silent bloody corpses. 5 The true death toll is still unknown, with estimates ranging from 200,000 up to two million, and it resulted in the biggest forced migration in history as more than 14 million people fled their homes. From that point onward, India and Pakistan were sworn enemies, split by a border that over decades would become increasingly fractious and impenetrable. 6 Families caught in the chaos and brutality were forced to leave everything behind and many were separated as they crossed into India or Pakistan. Though many tried desperately to find one another later, via newspaper adverts, letters, and messages on noticeboards, cross-border communication was limited. Visa restrictions and a deep-rooted fear of the “other side” also prevented most from ever going back over the border. Continued on page 12 Die Nr.1 unter den Vokabeltrainern. €3,50 [a] CHF5,40 [ch] 0 – 1 PARTITION “pA…"tIS´n‘ Teilung — embrace Umarmung — longing Sehnsucht — to weep weinen — simultaneous “ÆsIm´l"teIni´s‘ gleichzeitig; h.: sowohl … als auch — sorrow Trauer; Kummer — to tear apart “te´‘ auseinanderreißen — crisp frisch; klar — to reunite “Æri…ju…"naIt‘ wiedervereinigen — devastatingly “"dev´steItINli‘ auf verheerende Weise — to fracture “"frœktS´‘ zerbrechen (lassen) — to stream strömen 2 protégé “"prÅt´ZeI‘ Protegé — to envisage “In"vIzIdZ‘ s. vorstellen — secular “"sekj´l´‘ säkular — fearful of aus Angst vor — implications Folgen 3 tensions Spannungen — to stoke schüren — riots “"raI´ts‘ Unruhen — to extricate o.s. “"ekstrIkeIt‘ s. befreien; h.: s. zurückziehen — to oversee beaufsichtigen — crude grob — to rupture “"røptS´‘ zerreißen — disjointed “dIs"dZOIntId‘ zerrissen 4 to instigate “"InstIgeIt‘ anfachen — mutual “"mju…tSu´l‘ gegenseitig — genocide “"dZen´saId‘ Völkermord — to set alight in Brand stecken — to massacre massakrieren — violence Gewalt — belly Bauch — to flee fliehen — to ambush “"œmbUS‘ aus dem Hinterhalt angreifen — corpse Leiche 5 – 6 death toll “t´Ul‘ Anzahl der Todesopfer — forced migration Vertreibung (to force zwingen) — sworn enemies Todfeinde — fractious “"frœkS´s‘ beschwerlich; h.: schwer zu überwinden — impenetrable “Im"penItr´b´l‘ undurchdringlich — desperately “"despr´tli‘ verzweifelt — noticeboard Schwarzes Brett — visa restrictions “rI"strIkS´nz‘ Visabeschränkungen — deep-rooted tief sitzend

World and Press